- Numbers: 3,883,159 (July 2002 est.)
Age Structure: 0-14 years:
- 21.3% (male 425,366; female 403,268)
- 15-64 years: 67.3% (male 1,307,469; female 1,305,038)
- 65 years and over: 11.4% (male 191,927; female 250,091) (2002 est.)
Population Rates of Change
- Growth Rate: 1.07% (2002 est.)
- Birth rate: 14.62 births/1,000 population (2002 est.)
- Death rate: 8.01 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
- Net migration rate: 8.01 deaths/1,000 population (2002 est.)
- at birth: 1.07 male(s)/female
- under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
- 15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
- 65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/female
- total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2002 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
- total population: 77.17 years
- female: 80.12 years (2002 est.)
- male: 74.41 years
- noun: Irishman(men), Irishwoman(women), Irish (collective plural)
- adjective: Irish
- Ethnic groups: Celtic, English
- Roman Catholic 91.6%
- Church of Ireland 2.5%
- other 5.9% (1998)
|Density||84.54 people/sq mi (180th)
|Growth rate||0.77% (143rd)|
|Birth rate||13.42 births/1,000 population (147th)|
|Death rate||8.15/1,000 population (100th)|
|Life expectancy||79.56 years (36th)|
|• male||77.11 years|
|• female||81.94 years|
|Fertility rate||1.86 children/woman (123rd)|
|Infant mortality rate||6.17 deaths/1,000 live births|
|Net migration rate||2.45 migrants/1,000 population|
|65 and over||14.5%|
|Official||None at the federal level|
|Spoken||English 80%, Spanish 12.4%, other Indo-European 3.7%, Asian and Pacific island languages 3%, other languages 0.9%|
How would you rate Ireland as a study destination from student’s perspective?
Ireland has one of the highest education participation rates in the world today. The country’s long-standing tradition of providing exceptional education began in Europe during the Middle Ages and during the past two centuries many Irish schools were established in India and elsewhere. Ireland has one of the best education systems in the world according to the independent IMD World Competitiveness Yearbook 2009 (ranks 8th).
The quality of the Irish education system is a major contributing factor to the rapid rate of economic growth this island nation has experienced over the last few decades. The country is recognised as an international location for high-quality scientific research too. No wonder, the number of international students visiting Ireland is increasing each year.
How easy or difficult is to get a student visa for Ireland? Don’t you think the country is being used as a corridor for entry to the UK or US?
The requirements for application for a student visa for Ireland are set out in detail on the website of the Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service (INIS): www.inis.gov.ie
Each application is examined and determined on an individual basis. We are continually updating and tightening our visa regulations to protect the student who genuinely wants to study and enjoy the experience that studying in Ireland has to offer…
We are not aware that Indian students use Ireland as an easy way of gaining entry to the UK or US. An Irish student visa is issued for a specific period of study in Ireland. On completion of their studies in Ireland, students can, of course, apply for a student visa to the UK or the US authorities, to further their studies, if they so wish.
How safe is Ireland for Indian students?
Ireland has a reputation for being a safe and welcoming country to live in and is ranked 12th in the 2009 Global Peace Index. ‘Lonely Planet’ has voted it as the friendliest country in the world (2008 and 2010). Irish people are among the most enriching reasons to study in Ireland. We are renowned for our friendliness and hospitality which greatly contributes to the ease with which overseas students adapt to student life in Ireland. We are naturally curious and genuinely interested in others. A strong sense of community abounds everywhere in the country.
What about job opportunities for overseas students?
Indian students who have opted to do their higher studies in Ireland have invariably found their stay very academically rewarding and, on a personal level, a most congenial, interesting and worthwhile experience. Students from abroad are entitled to work part-time while in Ireland.
On completion of their higher studies, students from India may stay on in Ireland for six months to allow them time, should they so wish, to seek employment and apply for a work permit.
Traditionally, Ireland’s strong English language base has always attracted overseas students. What exactly is it?
Ireland has a well-founded reputation for the excellent quality of its English language services. The quality assurance body for the sector in Ireland is the Advisory Council for English Language Schools (ACELS) which administers an inspection scheme, leading to recognition by the Department of Education and Science.
A full list of the over 110 quality-assured and recognised schools and organisations (ELTOS) is available on the ACELS website. These offer a wide variety of courses and generally provide a full package of tuition, accommodation and extra-curricular activities.
English language training can also be combined with sporting activities such as angling, golf or tennis. The English language sector is supported in its promotional activities by Failte Ireland.
Can students go to Ireland without passing the IELTS?
The Irish Naturalisation and Immigration Service sets minimum entry requirements for English. Most colleges and universities set higher standards for admission to a course. We recommend IELTS, but also accept TOEFL, Cambridge and ETAPP test results.
How do you see Ireland as a study destination five years down the line?
Ireland will continue to be a centre of excellence for education and over the next few years we hope to see more Indians experiencing and enjoying what Ireland has to offer. There will be a far greater number of educational exchanges between Indian and Irish universities and a greatly enhanced level of cooperation in the area of science and technology.
If you do require a student visa for Ireland, you will need to make your application at least a few months before travelling. In most cases, you can do so online.
If you wish to study in Ireland for less than three months you should apply for the ‘C Study Visa’, if the course lasts longer than three months you will require the ‘D Study Visa’ type of student visa for Ireland. It is unlikely you will be able to extend a ‘C Study Visa’ to cover a longer period, so make sure it will cover your entire length of stay before applying.
To gain your Irish student visa you will need to provide the following documentation:
- Letter of acceptance to study a full-time program at an accredited institution.
- Evidence of English-language proficiency (often in the form of a TOEFL or IELTS test score)
- Proof of full payment for tuition fees (or student loan declaration)
- Proof of available living funds (at least €7,000/US$9,400) for the initial part of your study. If you are planning to study in Ireland for longer than a year you will also need to provide evidence of a sponsor or a further €7,000 for each subsequent year of study.
- Evidence of private medical insurance
- An agreement stating that you intend to return to your home country upon finishing your course in Ireland.
Although fees vary depending on your country of origin, standard visa application processing fees are €60 (US$80) for a single-entry visa and €100 (US$135) for multiple entries.
Part-time work in Ireland with a student visa
If you plan to study in Ireland on a program recognized by the Internationalization Register, you will receive a ‘stamp number 2’ from your meeting with the local immigration officer. This stamp allows you to take on part-time work in Ireland of up to 20 hours per week during term time and up to 40 hours per week during scheduled holiday periods. Your right to work in Ireland ends when you finish your course of study.
If your course isn’t listed on the Internationalization Register, you will receive a ‘stamp number 2A’ on your passport. If this is the case, you are not entitled to work in Ireland during your studies.
Bear in mind that an Irish student visa does not automatically allow multiple entries into the country. If you think you will need to leave the country and return during your studies, you will need to apply for a re-entry visa.
What is the cost of living?
Living expenses will differ depending upon the location of the institution, the type of accommodation preferred and on the personal expenditure of the student. On average, we estimate that a student will spend between €6,000 and €11,000 per year depending on location and lifestyle.
Do I need to register with the police?
All non-Irish nationals, who are not citizens of the EU/EEA or Switzerland, must register in person with the Garda National Immigration Bureau (GNIB) after arrival and after completion of registration at your third level institution. The GNIB will issue you with a residence permit/GNIB card.
How do I get a visa?
If you are an EU citizen, there are no visa requirements when entering Ireland. If you are not an EU citizen, please contact your nearest Irish Embassy or Consulate to find out whether or not you require an entry visa or you may enquire from the Department of Foreign Affairs. Those who do not have an Irish diplomatic mission in their home country should download a visa application form well in advance of their departure. Please note that it is possible for international students who require a visa and are residing in certain countries to apply directly to the Department of Foreign Affairs online. Click here for a full list of these countries and the link to the online application form.
Note: You will be required to have accepted an offer of a recognised programme of study in Ireland and to have a receipt of payment letter from a college in Ireland before you can begin the process of applying for your visa overseas to study in Ireland.
Do I have to pay for medical insurance?
Students from EU member states who are in possession of the European Health Insurance Card (EHIC) are entitled to public health services in Ireland. This card is available from health authorities in your home country. Further information to your rights on healthcare while here can be obtained on the European Health Insurance Card website.
For students from non-EU countries, you will be required to have medical insurance in place in order to be granted a visa.
Can I study part time?
If you are from a non-EU country, you must complete a minimum of 15 hours scheduled contact time per week in order to be eligible to be eligible for a visa to study in Ireland. Please see the following Department of Justice web site for more information. If you are an English language study wishing to study for less than 90 days in Ireland and combine learning with other tourist pursuits, you will be classed as an educational tourist and subject to visit/holiday visa rules.
What will the weather be like?
Ireland’s climate can be summed up as being mild, moist and changeable with abundant rainfall and a lack of temperature extremes. Because the island is hugged all year round by the warm influence of the Gulf Stream, Ireland is much warmer than other countries that share its latitude. The Gulf Stream also ensures that the Irish coastline remains ice-free throughout winter. Extreme winters are rare but they do happen on the odd occasion when Ireland’s temperatures plummet.
How do I open a bank account?
In order to open a bank account, you will need two forms of identification. Irish banks are obliged to establish your identity and verify your address. You cannot use the same document as proof of both your identity and your address. These are minimum requirements and it is at the discretion of the bank to look for further information.
Can I work during or after my studies?
Since April 2001, non-EU students who are approved to study in Ireland with higher education institutions listed on the Internationalisation Register, can avail of casual workto help support themselves while in Ireland. Students are allowed to work part-time (up to 20 hours a week) or full-time (up to 40 hours a week) during holiday periods.
Are there scholarships?
Yes. A small number of scholarships for overseas students are available from the universities and colleges. These are awarded solely at the discretion of the individual institutions who set down their own criteria for eligibility. Students are advised to contact the institution of their choice directly, to obtain information.